Reducing Collisions Involving Young Drivers

Index of Strategies by Implementation Timeframe and Relative Cost

Exhibit IV-1 classifies strategies according to the expected timeframe and relative cost for this emphasis area. In several cases, the implementation time will depend on such factors as an agency's willingness to accept a change in policy, legislative needs, or existing communication infrastructure and/or architecture. The range of costs may also vary for some of these strategies because of many of the same factors listed previously. Placement in this exhibit is meant to reflect the most common expected application of the strategy.

Classification of Strategies According to Expected Timeframe and Relative Cost

Timeframe for Implementation


Relative Cost to Implement and Operate

Moderate to High
(1 year)
1.1 B1—Publicize and enforce GDL restrictions (E)  
1.1 B2—Publicize and enforce laws pertaining to underage drinking and driving (P)    
1.1 B3—Publicize and enforce safety belt laws (P)  
1.1 E2—Review transportation plans for new/expanded high school sites (E)
(1—2 years)
1.1 A1—Enact a GDL system (P)
1.1 A2—Require at least 6 months of supervised driving for beginners starting at age 16 (P)
1.1 A3—Implement a nighttime driving restriction that begins at 9 p.m. (P)
1.1 A4—Implement a passenger restriction allowing no young passengers (T)
1.1 A5—Prohibit cell phone use by drivers with a GDL license (T)
1.1 C3—Encourage selection of safer vehicles for young drivers (T)
1.1 E1—Eliminate early high school start times (i.e., before 8:30 a.m.) (T)  
(>2 years)
1.1 C1—Facilitate parental supervision of learners (T)    
1.1 C2—Facilitate parental management of intermediate drivers (E)  
1.1 D1—Improve content and delivery of driver education/training (E)    
Note: P = Proven, T = Tried, and E = Experimental. See further explanation in the “Types of Strategies” subsection of Section V.