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Volume 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians

Making It Safer for People to Walk

Pedestrians are a part of every roadway environment and they also are significantly represented in death and injury statistics. Each year nearly 5,000 pedestrians are killed in traffic crashes and another 68,000 are injured.

Pedestrians face a variety of challenges when they walk along and across streets with motor vehicles. Even though they are legitimate roadway users, they are frequently overlooked in the quest to build more-sophisticated transportation systems. Specific groups that do not or cannot drive—including children, the elderly, the disabled, and low-income populations—primarily depend on walking for transportation. In many communities these individuals constitute up to 30 percent of the population.

Simply addressing one of the four “Es”—engineering, education, enforcement, and emergency medical services—in isolation, cannot solve many pedestrian problems. Engineering improvements coupled with enhanced safe behavior by pedestrians and motorists are needed to further reduce pedestrian fatalities.


  • Reduce pedestrian exposure to vehicular traffic.
  • Reduce vehicle speeds.
  • Improve sight distances and/or visibility between motor vehicles and pedestrians.
  • Improve pedestrian and motorist safety awareness and behavior.

Download this guide: http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_500v10.pdf

NCHRP 500-10


Engineers, law enforcement personnel, designers, planners, educators, and citizens all need to play a role in identifying and implementing effective countermeasures for improving pedestrian safety. This guide focuses on objectives for reducing pedestrian-vehicle conflicts and improving pedestrian safety and mobility.

Download the guide in PDF

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Related publications

Pedestrians One Pager

Self Assessment Tool

Integrated Safety Management Process